Złodziej Hitlera

Kategorie: Rysunek i malarstwo | Tagi: , Cornelius Gurlitt, , malarstwo modernistyczne, , , , sztuka zdegenerowana, , Zwickau | 07 listopada 2013
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Nie wiadomo, czy w gigantycznej kolekcji zrabowanych dzieł sztuki, którą odnaleziono przypadkiem trzy lata temu, są obrazy skradzione w Polsce. Niemcy odmawiają wglądu w listę dzieł. „To skandal dyplomatyczny na linii Warszawa-Berlin” – czytamy w dzisiejszym wydaniu „Rzeczpospolitej”.

Jeden z obrazów znalezionych w mieszkaniu Gurlitta (mal. Otto Dix). Fot. AFP

Od odnalezienia kolekcji zrabowanych dzieł sztuki w mieszkaniu Corneliusa Gurlitta minęły trzy lata. Niemcy, choć w 1998 roku – w ramach konwencji waszyngtońskiej – zobowiązali się do publikacji list zagrabionych dzieł sztuki, nie chcą ujawnić szczegółów dotyczących 1,4 tys. płócien znalezionych w monachijskim mieszkaniu.

Hildebrand Gurlitt – ojciec Corneliusa – był jednym z czterech marszandów zajmujących się handlem dziełami tzw. „sztuki zdegenerowanej”. Gdy zmarł, całą kolekcję przekazał synowi, nie informując o tym władz – podkreśla „Guardian”.

Kolekcja zrabowanych dzieł rzuca nowe światło na jeden z najbardziej tajemniczych rozdziałów w historii Niemiec. Sztuka modernistyczna została bowiem zakazana zaraz po dojściu nazistów do władzy. Argumentowano, że jest antyniemiecka.

Do artystów-degeneratów – zdaniem Hitlera – należeli między innymi Picasso , Chagall czy Matisse. To właśnie obrazy m.in. tych artystów znaleziono w gigantycznej kolekcji „złodzieja Hitlera”, którego kryją Niemcy, zasłaniając się prawem podatkowym. Przeciwko Gurlittowi – jak podkreślają – trwa bowiem dochodzenie w sprawie niezapłaconych podatków.

Hildebrand Gurlitt, zanim Hitler doszedł do władzy, był dyrektorem muzeum w Zwickau. Stracił jednak stanowisko, ponieważ miał korzenie żydowskie. Później został jednak namówiony przez nazistów do handlu dziełami sztuki.

O listę zagrabionych dzieł sztuki wystąpił, za pośrednictwem konsul, pełnomocnik MSZ ds. restrykcji dóbr kultury – prof. Wojciech Kowalski.

Ponieważ jednak augsburska prokuratura blokuje ujawnienie listy, sprawą prawdopodobnie zajmie się szef dyplomacji lub premier – czytamy w „Rzeczpospolitej”.

39 komentarzy

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    jak to 3 lata? obecnie podaje się datę: wiosna 2011 i luty 2012, z którymi tak na prawdę nie wiadomo co zrobić, aczkolwiek oficjalna na dziś dziec to 2012…

  • Ewelina Karpińska-Morek | Listopad 7th, 2013 @ 3:35 pm | Odpowiedz

    Dane dot. daty znalezienia kolekcji u Corneliusa Gurlitta są rozbieżne. W tym tekście powołuję się na informacje z „Rzeczpospolitej”, choć w mediach pojawiają się również daty wymienione przez Panią. Myślę, że to nie ostatni tekst na Sztukatułce na ten temat. W kolejnym odniosę się do różnic w datach.

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